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Ѭ 1. Pf.

Ž Ѭ:

1. 諼pᵿ .

2. ppᵿ ᡡ.

3. p pѡ ᡡ.

4. pѡ, p᡿ pѫpẫ᡿ pᵿ.

5. 软 ߽.

6. 諡p p p񽫪ѡ.

1. 諼pᵿ .

ᬫ pԬ pᵿ ߿Ѽ pẽ pp

(߬, ݬ߬, ߬ ..) ߴ ҡѡ

ߡ ѫp pᵿ p߫, pѽѮ Ѻ

߻ѵ. Ѭԫ ѡ ԫ ѫp ߴ pᵿ - Կ

pԡ, ү "Ἣ " 󴺿 pԡ

᡿, ԫp ߻ߴ.

ԫ ԫѽ ᬽ pѽѡٮ Իԫ ߯ pԿ

Ҭ p᡿ᵿ p pᵿ ߿Ѽ, - ᬿ

߿Ѽ ߻ߴ pạ pԡ Դ, pߴ

" p p", ᬫpԿ, p᡿ѡ Ѽ

󫺼Կ p᡿ᵿ , ԫp ٽ Ѽ߽ Ѻ

pԿ ᡡ Ѯ p. ԫ 󫺼

pѫѡ ᬿ pᵿ һ, pѼѡ

ѡ, p߬ ѡ, Ѫ.

pᵿ pp ߫pѼѡ p ѡү, p

ү p, Ѽ pp p. ᡿, , p

ԫp, ѡߴ ѡ, Ѽ ߫ѡ ԫp,- ԫ

Ἷ pԿ ѽ ԫ, ԫ ""

p pᵿ pp߫ ߽ p὿p,

pѼ Ѽ ߿, Ѽ Ԭpԫ, Ѽ p Ѽ

p ҡᵿ, Ѽ Ѯ pᵿѮ p߻.

p١ pᵿ Ҫ ԫp ԫ ԫѽ

p ѡ߿ pԿ pԿ, p޽ѡԿ ѫp

pᵿ . 諼p pᵿ p ԫ

󫽿 ߫p޿ ѡٮ ߬Ѭ p᡿ᵿ p޽ѡԿ, Ҭ

p١, pѽ Ἣѡ Կ p:

߽ѽ ա, ѽѬҡᵿ, ppἼ pҬ.

ѡѡ pᵿ ѡѼ p߿,

ᡡ ߽ѽ ա, pẽ p ѽѮ

. ߽ 60-70 ԫ p 񫼿p὿ ߻ѵ὿

߽ѽ ա (ѡp-ݽѬp ppἼ), ߫ڿ

p ߽ѽ ա p ppἼ,

ԫ ѡ߿ p޿pߴ p ѽѮ -

pѽѮ pạ Ѯ ᡿, 󽴯ڿߴ ߻ѵ὿Ἷ

p Һ ߼߽, Ҽѯڿ ߻ pѡ

߻ѵ߬ .

ūѽ ( ٮ ѽ) 񫽪ѡ ڿ p

p᡿ᵿ pᵿ p߫ p p, Ҽ p

Ҫ Ѽ pᵿ ߿Ѽ ա߬ p p

pѡѽ Ѯ pԡ Կ. ѡ߿ pԿ

߽ѽ ա ѡ p١ ppἼ

pҬԫ, ߽ pp ߫ ѡ.

Ҽ ᡿ p᡿ᵿ p ߿Ѽ

p pἫԡ. p pѡ pἫ,

pѽڿ ԫ Կ, - ٮ ѽ pѽ ,

Ѽ ᬫ pἫԡԿ ѽ 󫺼ټ

һ Һ ߻ѵټ p߿, pٮ

Ѭ p.

2. ppᵿ ᡡ

ߴ p߫, ԫ ᬫ ᡡ ԡ߿ߴ? ҿԿ

ߡ, ԫ ᡡټ pҼѼ ᬫ- ߫ѡ, Ѽٮ

, ѡ Ѽ-, pѺҽ ݬ߻pѡ .. p,

ᡡ - ԫ pԡ, pѡ pѽѡ p

(߽, ỿ, ߫ѡѼ, Ѯ ..). Ἷ ᡡ ᬫ

ѡԿ p󽴯. Ἣ ѽ, ԡ, pp,

߽үڿ ᡡټ:

(1) - "p Ѽ 󿡫";

(2) - "2 + 2 = 4";

(3) - "p pѬԫp".

p ٺ Ҽѡ, ԫp - ѡ pԿ (ԫ

ٮ), p - pẼ޽ѡ, ԫ ᬫ p? pѡ

pp ᡡ ѿpԿ (իԴ pạټ p), ԫ, ԫ

p pԿ, .. ppԿ pᵿ, ѫի񿼫

ppᵿ ᡡ.

ppᵿ - p ppѡ ᡡ pᵿ, p p᡿

߼߽. ԫ p ߿ ԫp: ԫ ppԿp

ᡡ, ᬫ pᵿѮ Ҫ p߻ ppԫp, ᬿ

p߼p ѡ ᡡ .. p ppᵿ

ߴ ѽѬ pһ , p ԫ p߬

(pp, Һp᡿ ԡ ỿ߿) pټ (pѽѡ

pѼѡ ). ᬫ p ߴ ߬

ѬἿ (߽ pѬ ߫, ѡ ѽ),

pἿ ա߬ ԫԿ (pҪѡ ߿ ѽ

p񿫽ᵿ ߽үڿ Ѯ󿴼) , , p.

pԡ pᵿ Խ pԡԿ ᡡ ᬽߴ

ԫ, ԫ p ppᵿ Ѽ ߽ pѽѡ

p, ԫ pѼ ᡡ ү ᬫ-ԫ pѽѡ

p. Ѫ ᡡټ pᵿѮ Ѽ ߽ ῼ-񡫺

߫. pp, p pẽ ߫ѡ " p" "see

you tomorrow" [1] pᵿ. Pạ ᬿ "x" "*"

߫pѽ ԫ - pᵿ Ҽѡ, p

pẽ p "21" "XXI" pѽ ԫ ߽ ( pẽ

߿Ѽ ߽ѡ).

p ԫp ᡡ Կ ߫pѡ pẽү

pᵿ pạټ ѽ (pạټ ppԫp). pp, "I"

ppԿpߴ Ҭ "" ߬

p߬ p 1, "+" ppԿpߴ pᵿ ߽ѡ

pᵿ ѡ ߿Կ Ѭ.

p 󡿺 "", ᡿ - "",

p ( p pѵ ԫ ). ߬ ۴ѡ pẼѡ

pԿp ѽ ۴ѡ ߫ ߽үڿ ᡡټ: "(2+2)=(3+1)", ԫ

Ὣ "ѡ լԡ pլԡү 񡫬ԡү",-

ٽ p񻫽 ү ppᵿ Կ ᡡ, pp,

pԿ?

Կ pp , ԫ ppᵿ ᡡ ߿

񫻫ѽ ѬԿ ԫp ( Կ pp - Ѭ, p,

ԫ), ppᵿ ѬԿ ԫp.

pp, ԫ ѽѬ pټ pѡѼ ߻p

񡿼 pẫ, ԫ p. pѡ pp pԿ󡫮

ppᵿ ᡡ ppү Կ p

(ѡ ppᵿ), ԫp pѽ

pԡٮ pp ԫ p.

ᬫѵ, ᪡ٮ ߻Ѭ ppᵿ. ԫ ޫ

p ᡡ ߫ (ᬿ, ߽, pᬿ),

ԫp һp󽴯 p߫ ppᵿ ԫ ѯ ߫ ѡ,

pѽ ѡ ᪡ Ѽ pᵿ.

߿߬ pp: ߫ѡ "ạ ѽ, ". ūѡ

Ỵԫ ԫ pp (p ߽ "ѽ" ߽) p ѡ

pᵿ ߫p᡿ ᡡ.  ԫ ԡѡ p

Ỵү ԫ ߫ѡ Ҭ "", pp? ūp ߬ѡ

߽Ѯ ߴ Ѭ, p Ỵԫ

pԿ ߫ѡ ѽ ҽ. pp. 䫻Կ,

p߻ ߽үڿ pѡԫ :

+-----------+-----------+-----------+------------+-------------+

| ƫp | ᡫ | pѽ | pѺ | ѽ |

+-----------+-----------+-----------+------------+-------------+

| ԫ | 757,7 | 123 | 78,5 | 356 |

+-----------+-----------+-----------+------------+-------------+

P.1.1

ūp ߽ "ԫ" ԫp p ѽ 󫺼 pү

ppᵿ ߽ p Ѯ , ԫ pѼ p ߽

"ƫp" ߴ Ѭ.

ᬿ pẫ, ᡡ - ԫ p ѫp ߽ (,

ᬫ ..), ڿ pᵿ pạ ѻѡ ѡԿ.

3. p pѡ ᡡ.

ߡ ߻pԿ ᡡ ѽѬ ߻᡿Ѽ

pѽ pẫ, .. pẫ, ߻pѼ pѡ.

p ѡ ߻᡿ Ҭ Կ pẫ

(߻pѼ ߴ᡿Ѽ). ԫ p ԫ ߽Ѽ

.

pѽ p ү ߡ p: ߿

p߬. PҼߴ, ߻ .

濼 p pѡ ᡡ pѽѡ Ѭԫpٮ

ٮ p pڿ ᬫ. ᬫ p p

߫һ ڿ, ԫp pѡ ߫үڿ

ԫp Ѫ Ѭ - ԫ . p "ٮ

p" ߽ ڿ,- p Ѭ ڿ

p᡿ѡ.

諡pҿp᡿ pѽ p ߿ p ߴ Ѽ

pẼѡ Ѭ pѽѡ ߬ ԫ pҬp, - p,

ԫ, ԫ , pp, p .. Ԭ

ᬫ pҬp pẼѡ ԫ ެ p.

Pạ ᬫ ԫ ߴ ݬp p,

p pѪ ߿ ᡡ.

濼 p pạѮ, p

p߻ppѡ ٬ (p߬).

f٬ p ߴ ԿѼ һpѡ

p pڿ ᬫ, ߡ ԫp pҿpүߴ p ٬

Ѽ pẼѡ pڿ Ѭ pҬp p ԫ.

٬ p ừߴ ߽ p, p ߻p (p,

pp), p p 󡿺 ( ԫ) ߽ p ..

ԡѡ p ߽, ԫ p p

Ѭԫpټ pᡡԴ. pp, ߿Ѽ pڿ ᬫ (p)

߬ ٬ һpѡ, ԫ p 󫽴 ԡԿ

٬ [ ]. ūԫ ߽ p߼p

߿ Կ "p pڿ ᬫ", ppѡ ߬

ԡѡ p ᬫ p.

ԫ 󴺿 ԼԿ, ԫ ٬ү p Ѭԫ, p

ԫ Կ "Ѭ" ޿p ߼߽ p ᬿ p᡿ѡ

ԫ p pڿ ᬫ, p ppᵿ Ѭ.

pᵿ, pѡ ߿ p p߼pߴ

Ѭ.

PҼߴ, pạ ٬ ߫pѡ pạ , pѼ

٬ p޿pߴ Ѽ ѡ pڿ

ᬫ, ppԿpѼ, pp, ᬿ pѻ᡿ p὿үڿ

p.

pp ٬ ѡ : p ѡ ٬ (p߬, ߬

..) ԫ ٬ pѡ ѽ (p߬, p߬, ߴԿ,

..), ٬ pҽ (p߬, տ߬ ..), ٬

᡿ ռԡ pԿ, ٬ ѡp, ٬ ppἼp᡿ ..

p p߼pߴ ߻ѵ߬ pạ

٬, ԫp 󫽴 pҿp pạ p ᡬ, ,

.. ߬ һpѡ p pڿ ᬫ

pҿp᡿ ԫ p 󬽯 ߽үڿ ᬿ:

"|", "-", "+", "+", "+", "+", "+", "+", "+", "+", "+".

p 1.1. pѡ pp pᵿ p p,

pѡٮ ߻᡿Ѽ ԫ p ᬫ, ٬ pѡ

ߴԿ ѽ p߬ ٬. ꡫ p pѡ pᵿ

p ٬Ἷ Կ "ừ ᡬ".

p߬ p pѡ pᵿ pѡ Խߴ

߿ Ѽ, ԫ Ѯ ߻ߴ ѡٮ p

߿ - ԫ ߬Կ, - pѡ Ѭԫ pҿpүߴ

ԫѬ. pѽٮ p, pѡٮ ߿ p,

pѡ p߬ p, - pԡ Ѽ ߽ p.

ԫ ߼߽ p߬ p pѡ ᡡ pԿ,

, p, Ѯ ppѮ ߻߫ (Ѯ

pᵿ Ѽ). p ԫ ppү ߻߫ p ߽

󫺼 pѡ pẽ ᡡ 񿡿

p (ݬp p). ߽ p ү 񿡿

Ԭ (߼.), ԫ pp ߻߫ pѽߴ

󫺼 pѡ ԫ Ԭ. 佴 ߿ p - ԫ ߽

pڿ ߿󫽫 , p߬ - ԫ ߽ p .

pp, p-ѽ pѡ pẼp Ԭ 8x8 (ԫѬ)

߽ 󫺼 pѡ Ѯ pѽߴ ѽ 264.

ѽ ߽ p pѽѡ p pڿ ߿󫽫

߿ p 󫽴 p p p߬ p.

ԡԿ, p p.1.1. "ի p". ūԫ ᬿ

߻ѵ߬ ߿ pѡ ᡡ

p, իԴ Ἣ ѽ p ѯ.

p߬, ߿ p ߻ ,- p ԫ

pڿ ᬿ pp 񫻫ѽ - . ԫ

ԫѽ Ѽ ߽ ѡ pᵿү Ѽ

pѽ pẫ p pѡ ᡡ. pѡѽ

p߬ p p իp޿ ߻Ѵ ( ߫

ppѮ ߻߫) ԡ ߻ ѡ

󫺼Կ pԬ p߬ pᵿ, - pp, ߫᡿

Ѽpᵿ ԡ ѫ p.

ҪѼ p pѡ ᡡ pạѡ ߫᡿

pᵿ pѽ pẫ ߬Կ ޿p ߻үߴ

p, ߬ ݬp ߻Ѵ p߼pߴ ߬

pա. Ѽ pѡ p󽴯ߴ ߬

p߬ p ߡ p߻ѬԿ, pẽ ѡ,

pѬ, ԫ pѬԿ󡫮 ѫp ..

߻᡿ ߿ p߬ p pѡ ᡡ pѽ

pẽ pѪ p pԬ pᵿ. Կ pѪ

pẽߴ ԫ pѡѼ pᵿ ݬp ԫp,

ἴԿ p ߫ѡ ppἼټ pἿ, pڿ

ԫ pѪ. pp, ߿ٮ pѪ pѡѼ ἴԿ

p ߿󫽫, p߬ - ѽ (pڿ ԫѬ), ԫ

Ѽ ߽ p ѽ Ѽ ἴԿ. (p "pixel"

pѡ ߬ "picture element" []).

佴 ߫᡿ ѡѡ ߿ pẫ (pԿp᡿) ߻үߴ

ppἼ, ԫp ߿ټ pԫpἿ (Ѭԫټ

pԫpἿ), p߬ pẫ - p߬ pԫpἿ.

ᬫѵ, ߿ p߬ p ޿p ߻үߴ ԫ

pѡ pѽ pẫ, ᬪ Ҭ Կ.

pp, ԡ ỿ ߿Ѽ Ѽ ߻үߴ pѡ

pҿp᡿ Ҭ pẫ, Ҭ .pᮽ - pѡ

Կ pẫ, ߻pѼ ߴ᡿Ѽ.

ǺҬ .pᮽ - ԫ pѽ-ԫٮ p ѡ ߽ѻ. ߡ

ᬫ p Ѫ ᵿ 6 ԫѬ, 󫺼

Ҭ, p, ᬿ pѻ᡿, ѼԿ߬, տ߬ ԡ ᬿ.

4. pѡ, p᡿ pѫpẫ᡿ ᡡ.

pѡ pᵿ ἴԿ - ߡ ҡ p.

pᵿ p᡿ߴ ߻᡿Ѽ ߫ ߿ p, ԫp

߻ pٮ (ٮ) p pڿ ᬫ: (0 1). p

ᬫ p pѽߴ p὿ᵿѮ ỻpp (ݽѬpټ ѼἿ),

߫󽴯ڿ Ѽա p, ߡ ԫp Ѫ ߻᡿

ݽѼѡ pѡ ᡡ. ᬫ ݽѼѡ (pp)

ԫ ߫ԫ, ߽ Ѽ 1 (񿡿) 0 (),

߻߫ѡ p᡿ ү p pᵿ, Ѽү (ԫ p

pѡ ߬ "binary digit" - p).

ūԿ 񿡿 pᵿ ppߴ

pټ pp. 䫻Կ, ߫񡿬 p "

p pἫԡ?", p ԫ , ԫ Կ "".

ū p ԫ, ү pᵿ? , p

᡿, p ԫ ߿ᵿ ѡ ߴ ߼߽,

ԡ߿ߴ pԫp߬.

ᵿ ѡߴ, ߽ ԫ p ᡿

󫺼 ԫ: "" "". p,

ᬫ pᵿѮ, .. ի ߫ԫ ѫpѽѡԿ.

ū , pᡴ ѫpѽѡ , ߽ѽ,

pᵿ. ᬿ pẫ, ٮ p 󫺼 ԫ,

ڿ pᵿ, ߴ ټ. ѽ, pѽ

󫺼ү p Ѽ pᵿ.

pᵿ, ԫү pѡ ѫpѽѡԿ,

ᬽѮߴ p p ߿Ѽ ԫ ..

pѫpẫ᡿ pᵿ p p (ѡ p)

p pѡ ᡡ p (ү p) ᡫ p߫

p᡿. Ѽ ߽ ԫ p pի ѡ p

ߡ ѡѡ p pڿ ᬫ ().

pp, pڿ ѡ p (߿) p᡿ߴ

ἴԿ ᵿ 8- , ߫һ ԫp

p - ߡ󡫮 ݽѼѡ pѡ ᡡ p.

pԡٮ p pի p ѡ ߴ

Ѭp᡿Ѽ. p p p᡿ Ѭp᡿ pѽ ү

p pѡ ᡡ pԫ . (PҼߴ, p

p᡿ Ѭp᡿ p 󽴯ߴ ԫԿ߬ Ѻ

Կ ѽ).

ᡡ pѡ p pẽ

߫ѡ pạ ppԿp ߻ѽ ߿Ѽ

p.

pp, ߿ "1" (񿡿) pѡ ᬫ

(߿) p, pѡ ѽ ߽ ߫

ᬫ (+1) ѽ ѽ, ѽ ѽ Ѻ

p ѽ, ѡ ߽ (1.) ѡ ѽ,

ݽѼѡ ߬ pᵿ (߬ 񿡿 - "Կ")

pѡ ߬ ᡡ. p ԫ ᬿ

pѡ ᡫ

ԫ ߫ѡټ ppᵿ, pẽټ ټ

ᵿ, pүڿ 񿡿.

p᡿ pѡ ᡡ p 񫽪 ߻ ԫ

Ѫ Ѭp᡿, ڿ pᵿ pạ p ,

, p߫, ᡬpᡡ һ ..

ūիԫ p᡿ ᡫ ѡѼ

ᵿ ߿󫽫 ԫ pᵿ, ѫի񿼫

pҪѡ .

諼p p - տ ߬ѡ pp, ߫Ѽ

pѡټ "ԡἿ"-ppἼἿ. Կ p p߫

p pѺ ޡ ߿ѽ (߬), pߴ

߫pѡ ѻp߬Ѽ ߿ᵿ ߻߫ pԿ

ѻpԡѮ 󻽫 p Ѯ pᵿ, ߫pᡴѼ

p. ޿ ߻߫ p ᬿ pἿ p߫ -

߻ ߫ѽ ߬. ߽ p Ҫ "pѡ", ߽

pԿߴ "ԫp" - ߻ѵ ppἼ pҪѡ pѡ

p߫ ( ٮ p߫ p᡿!). ߫ү ߡ p

p󽴯 p Դ,- p pp

ѽү pѼ.

ԫ ppѡ ᡬpᡡ һ p

pᵿ ѯ p ԡѡ pԫp - Ҭ p᡿ᵿ

޿p.

ԫ pѫpẫ᡿ pᵿ 񡫮 p pү ѽߴ

޿ p: pԿ ѫpԿ.

pԿټ pѫpẫ᡿ 󫽴 pѫpẫ ᡡ 񡫮 p

pү, ߫pᡴ 󫺼 ߫p޿ pԡ pѫpẫ᡿ pԿѮ

ѡ ߫ѡ իټ ᡡټ. ߽ ᬫ pԿ

pԡ ߫ѡ ի ᡡ ѡټ ߽

pԡ pѫpẫ᡿, ԫ 󽿴 ڿ ԫp -

޿. pѫpẫ᡿ Ἷ pᵿټ

p.

pp, ԫp ѡ ߽, Ἷ ԡ ߫߬

ѼԿ .f. ٽ pѡ ߬ ٬ Khinchine,

pԡٮ p p߬ pѽ "ѡ" ѡ pټ

ѡѼ Ἷ 迡-ᮡ. ū-񿼫, ᮵.

ѫpԿ pѫpẫ᡿ ppүߴ 󫺼 pԡ

pѫpẫ᡿ ᡫѡ ի ᡡ. pp ѫpԿ

pѫpẫ᡿ ߽Ҫ ԿԿ߬ ὿ , ԡԿ,

pѡ ԫpἼ.

䫻Կ, ԫ ի ᡡ pү p ỿ߿ ԫ p߬

߫ԫ (), - ỿ ߫p ᡡ p߫

pѡ ߼pԿ p pѽѡٮ p pѼѡ (pp,

). ԿԿ߬ ὿ ᬫ p ѽ pѽѡ

߫ԡѡ Ѫ pѼ ߼pԡ pѡѼ

ԫpἼ, ԫp ppү ԫ pp: ߽

pѡ pᡡٮ p pѼѡ (pѼ)

߼pѮ ԫ p (߼pԡ). ԫ ὿ p pѡ

ԫpἼ, ԫp ߽үڿ :

+-------------+

| PѼ +-------------+

| | pԡ |

| | |

| | |

| | |

+-------------+-------------+

PҼߴ ᡫ ᬫ ԫpἼ pᵿ p

󫺼.

ѫpԿ pѫpẫ᡿ ᡡ pߴ Ѽ ѡ

pp᡿ ѽ ٴ, p pѽ Ѭԫp

ڿ Ѵ pѡ ߬p ᬫpԿ. ԡԿ ߡ

ԫpἼ, Ὣ pѡ , ѽ ڿ

Ѽp߬ .

5. 软 ߽

1. pԿ.

2. 諼p pἫԡ.

3. һ, pѼѡ ѡ, ѡ, Ѫ.

4. ᡡ.

5. ppᵿ.

6. ūp.

7. 濼 p pѡ ᡡ.

8. ǽ.

9. p.

10. f٬ p.

11. p߬ p pѡ pᵿ.

12. Pp ߻߫ p.

13. pᵿ Ѽ p.

14. p.

15. ſѽ.

16. PԿp᡿.

17. Ѭԫٮ pԫp.

18. p߬ pԫp.

19. pѡ pᵿ ἴԿ .

20. Ѽա p.

21. pp.

22. .

23. p᡿.

24. Ѭp᡿.

25. .

26. p.

27. ūիԫ p᡿.

28. 䫬ԫp.

29. pԿټ pѫpẫ᡿ ᡡ.

30. pᵿ p.

31. ѫpԿ pѫpẫ᡿.

32. .

6. 諡p p p񽫪ѡ.

1. fߴ p p pᵿ ߿Ѽ? ƫp?

2. p ߡҮ pp ᡡ, ڿ p󡫵ѡү pᵿ.

3.  ԡԿ ԡү ỿ ߿ p pѡ ᡡ?

ūѼ?

4. ᬫ p pѡ ᡡ ԡ߿ߴ Ҭ .pᮽ? ūѼ?

5. p pp pԿp᡿ ߿ pẫ.

6. pԿp᡿ p߬ p?

7. ūѼ pѡ pᵿ p ߻ߴ pٮ

p pڿ ᬫ?

8. p ߡҮ pp pԿ pѫpẫ᡿ ᡡ,

pѫpẫ᡿ Ἷ.

9. p ߡҮ pp ѫpԿ pѫpẫ᡿ pᵿ.

ᬫ ѽ ߻᡿ ᬿ pѫpẫ᡿ ޿ pp?

10. p pp ῼ-񡫺 ߫ Ѫ p߬

߿ p pѡ ᡡ. ү pԼ

pѫpẫ᡿ ᡡ 񡫮 p pү ޿ pp?

p᪡ѡ

ūp pٮ p ߽.

1. _______ ٮ ݽѼѡ pѡ ᡡ.

2. _______ ѵ ppἼ pҪѡ pѡ p߫.

3. _______ p p p᡿ Ѭp᡿ ᡡ

4. _______ ߡ󡫮 ݽѼѡ pѡ ᡡ p

5. _______ pѫpẫ᡿, ppѼ 󫺼 pԡ

pѫpẫ᡿ ᡫѡ ի ᡡ

6. _______ ūտ ߬ѡ pp, ߫Ѽ pѡټ

"ԡἿ"-ppἼἿ

7. _______ ѡ ᵿ ԫ pᵿ, ѫի񿼫

pҪѡ .

8. _______ pѫpẫ᡿, ߫pᡴڿ 󫺼 ߫p޿ pԡ

pѫpẫ᡿ pԿѮ ѡ ߫ѡ իټ

ᡡټ.

9. _______  p pᵿ.

10. _______ pѫpẫ᡿ pᵿ p ѡү.

11. _______ 󽿴 p pѫpẫ᡿ p

ᡡ.

12. _______ P὿ᵿ ỻpp ߡ ߻᡿ ݽѬp

Ѽ.

13. _______ pѡٮ p pڿ ᬫ.

14. _______ 諡pԡ, pѡ pѽѡ p.

15. _______ Ҭ p᡿ᵿ p pᵿ p߫

p὿үڿ ߿Ѽ.

16. _______ 諽 pᵿ, pѼ 񿡿 p

(ݬp p).

17. _______ ppἼ ߫᡿ ѡѡ p߬ p.

18. _______ 꺫p ԫ.

19. _______ ߡ ҡ p.

20. _______ pѫpẫ᡿ pᵿ ѡ p p

pѡ ᡡ p.

21. _______ 櫺᡿ ѡѡ pᵿ pẫ.

22. _______ pѡ p߬ pẫ ߿ p.

23. _______ ѡ ppᵿ.

24. _______ ߡ pᵿ.

25. _______ ߽ٮ Ҽ ᡿ p᡿ᵿ p ߿Ѽ.

26. _______ p ppѡ ᡡ pᵿ.

27. _______ 諡ٮ p pڿ ᬫ.

28. _______ ppἼ ߫᡿ ѡѡ ߿ p.

29. _______ pᵿٮ p ѽ.

30. _______ Pạ ߿ p.

31. _______ 濡 Կ "pp ߻߫ p".



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